Reflecting on the 3 Ps and the Current State of Learning Management Systems

In the article, The Three P’s of Pedagogy for the Networked Society (McLoughlin, C. and Lee, M., 2008) the authors support the claim that current Learning Management Systems (LMS’s) are outdated due to their focus towards the teacher-centred delivery of information rather than the learner-centred approach. I completely agree with this observation so far as to say that even the newer systems are not catering to the future of learning. While there are many downfalls to these systems including the lack of personalised learning capabilities, in relation to networked global learning (NGL), it’s the self and collaborative authoring/publishing tools that appear to be the challenge.

While newer systems contain tools for commenting and discussing the content of the course, there are still very few systems that offer an environment in which students can actually build and share content themselves. Some systems have provided access to other tools through frameworks such as LTI (learning technology interoperability) but the connections are simple at best and are often difficult to access. Some teachers choose to let the students arrange their own digital learning spaces, but this can result in accessibility issues for some students all but excluding them from the learning. After completing a few weeks now in this course, I do believe that the teacher or institution needs to offer one or a small range of tools to the students that can be supported. This way, the students as a group can either choose to use what is already available OR decide on their own.

The benefit of the institution providing a pre-determined collaborative environment (likely made up of a range of tools for different purposes) is for a number of reasons:

  1. It means that the students don’t have to purchase anything on their own. There are a lot of free tools out there yes, but often the better ones require a small fee to unlock all the features.
  2. The institution’s support infrastructure can take on the support of the tool for staff and students so that everyone has someone to call if they have a problem or need a question answered.
  3. Resources can be put in place to train the teachers in how to support their students while they are using the tools and especially to get the teachers comfortable with working in the environment themselves.
  4. The institution can design an environment which integrates seamlessly from one tool to another so that issues of incompatibility can be avoided. In addition, it can be designed for the purpose of supporting 3Ps learning.

Of course, there are downsides to providing a pre-determined set of tools. Mcloughlin and Lee refer to an article by Siemens (2007b) which outlines a university’s two primary functions in regards to its students. The second of which is about preparing the students for their professional lives. In a world where learning is increasingly the responsibility of the learner, it’s important that they learn how to identify and utilise the technologies to support themselves. If an institution provides this for them, they may be less inclined to discover their own tools. The important thing then is to allow and promote the option for the students to utilise their own technologies if they so choose.

This video gives a very clear idea of where we want to head to learning and therefore, what an LMS would need to support.

Getting back to the issue of the LMSs, I think that there is still a lot of work to be done in the area to support the way students are now wanting to learn. The tools such as discussions, journals and wikis are very limited and have fewer capabilities and functions that other tools available on the web. For this reason, it’s important for the new generation of LMSs to be able to easily incorporate specialist software trying to re-create it. In fact, when thinking about it, the term ‘Learning Management System’ itself seems out-of-date. Perhaps it’s better just to call it a Networked Learning Environment. At first, I thought we might call it a student learning environment but even the word ‘student’ seems inadequate in a world of lifelong learning. A ‘Networked Learning Environment’ works twofold. First, it indicated the ability and capability of incorporating technologies internal and external to the local infrastructure. Second, and most importantly, it refers to the act of learning now being about those three Ps… personalisation, participation, and productivity.


2 thoughts on “Reflecting on the 3 Ps and the Current State of Learning Management Systems

  1. Mitchell says:

    Hi Lau,

    I think you make some excellent points on the limiting nature of a Learning Management System, as you say there are many different tools that learners may choose to utilise. No LMS will be able to incorporate the variety of applications that support learners. I do believe, however, that LTI is a step in the right direction in order to capture a record of learning happening in other tools and collating it in the LMS.

    I think the understanding and acceptance that learning can happen in a number of different online (and offline) locations and times brings us closer to using a networked learning environment you speak of, or perhaps the use of a Learning Record Store. Have you looked at or considered integrating xAPI ( – also known as the Tin Can API in the environment you’re building? Learning Locker ( is a great example.


    • Lauren Hives says:

      I think there is a need for both right now (tin can and lti). Mainly because there are so many tools that can be used for learning but are not necessarily designed for it and therefore don’t support LTI. The learning locker sounds intriguing. I will definitely look into it. Thanks for the tip. I guess it’s a bit more like the collection and interpretation of data from the environments rather than the environment itself. Perfect for lifelong learning and yet it’s only part of the solution. I like it though. Definitely another step in the right direction!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s